Scalable Social Network Analysis SSNA aimed at developing techniques based on social network analysis for modeling the key characteristics of terrorist groups and discriminating these groups from other types of societal groups. The purpose of the SSNA algorithms program is to extend techniques of social network analysis to assist with distinguishing potential terrorist cells from legitimate groups of people In order to be successful SSNA will require information on the social interactions of the majority of people around the globe.
Since the Defense Department cannot easily distinguish between peaceful citizens and terrorists, it will be necessary for them to gather data on innocent civilians as well as on potential terrorists.
Futures Markets Applied to Prediction FutureMAP was intended to harness collective intelligence by researching prediction market techniques for avoiding surprise and predicting future events. The intent was to explore the feasibility of market-based trading mechanisms to predict political instability, threats to national security, and other major events in the near future. I can't believe that anybody would seriously propose that we trade in death. How long would it be before you saw traders investing in a way that would bring about the desired result?
Carl Levin of Michigan, thought the program was so ridiculous that he thought initial reports of it were the result of a hoax.
- Masscult and Midcult: Essays Against the American Grain (New York Review Books Classics).
- Human Engineering in Stereoscopic Viewing Devices.
- Infinitival Syntax: Infinitivus Pro Participio As a Repair Strategy?
- Philosophical Foundations of Language in the Law.
- American Drama: The Bastard Art.
Translingual Information Detection, Extraction and Summarization TIDES developing advanced language processing technology to enable English speakers to find and interpret critical information in multiple languages without requiring knowledge of those languages. Outside groups such as universities, corporations, etc.
Counterterrorism and Cybersecurity: Total Information Awareness
Genoa and Genoa II focused on providing advanced decision-support and collaboration tools to rapidly deal with and adjust to dynamic crisis management and allow for inter-agency collaboration in real-time. Wargaming the Asymmetric Environment WAE focused on developing automated technology capable of identifying predictive indicators of terrorist activity or impending attacks by examining individual and group behavior in broad environmental context and examining the motivation of specific terrorists.
Effective Affordable Reusable Speech-to-text EARS to develop automatic speech-to-text transcription technology whose output is substantially richer and much more accurate than previously possible.
EARS was to focus on everyday human-to-human speech from broadcasts and telephone conversations in multiple languages. The intent is to create a core enabling technology technology that is used as a component for future technologies suitable for a wide range of future surveillance applications. Babylon to develop rapid, two-way, natural language speech translation interfaces and platforms for the warfighter for use in field environments for force protection, refugee processing, and medical triage.
Bio-Surveillance to develop the necessary information technologies and resulting prototype capable of detecting the covert release of a biological pathogen automatically, and significantly earlier than traditional approaches. Communicator was to develop "dialogue interaction" technology that enables warfighters to talk with computers, such that information will be accessible on the battlefield or in command centers without ever having to touch a keyboard.
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The Communicator Platform was to be both wireless and mobile, and to be designed to function in a networked environment. The dialogue interaction software was to interpret the context of the dialogue in order to improve performance, and to be capable of automatically adapting to new topics because situations quickly change in war so conversation is natural and efficient.
The Communicator program emphasized task knowledge to compensate for natural language effects and noisy environments. Unlike automated translation of natural language speech, which is much more complex due to an essentially unlimited vocabulary and grammar, the Communicator program is directed task specific issues so that there are constrained vocabularies the system only needs to be able to understand language related to war. Research was also started to focus on foreign language computer interaction for use in supporting coalition operations.
Live exercises were conducted involving small unit logistics operations involving the United States Marines to test the technology in extreme environments.
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TIA projects continued to be funded under classified annexes to Defense and Intelligence appropriation bills. However, the act also stipulated that the technologies only be used for military or foreign intelligence purposes against foreigners. They are funded by National Foreign Intelligence Program for foreign counterterrorism intelligence purposes. One technology, codenamed "Basketball" is the Information Awareness Prototype System, the core architecture to integrate all the TIA's information extraction, analysis, and dissemination tools. The other project has been re-designated "Topsail" formerly Genoa II and would provide IT tools to help anticipate and preempt terrorist attacks.
In the following months, as more information emerged about the scope of the TIA project, civil libertarians became concerned over what they saw as the potential for the development of an Orwellian mass surveillance system. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Future Map.
Further information: Policy Analysis Market. Archived from the original on 2 August The Guardian. Retrieved 30 November The Prism logo is slightly more opaque than the one used by the US government's Information Awareness Office, which boasted an all-seeing eye atop a pyramid, casting a golden light across an adjacent planet Earth. The New Yorker. The Information Awareness Office's official seal features an occult pyramid topped with mystic all-seeing eye, like the one on the dollar bill.
Its official motto is "Scientia Est Potentia," which doesn't mean "science has a lot of potential.
The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 December Retrieved 19 October Scientific American. The New York Times. The National Security Agency secretly decided to continue it through its private contractors. Electronic Frontier Foundation official website. Archived from the original on Retrieved As the world is increasingly interconnected, everyone shares the responsibility of securing cyberspace.
- F-105 Wild Weasel vs SA-2 Guideline SAM: Vietnam 1965-73 (Duel).
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- A Question of Command: Counterinsurgency from the Civil War to Iraq (Yale Library of Military History).
There is a fine line between free speech and hate speech. Free speech encourages debate whereas hate speech incites violence. Log In Sign Up. SIZZLE: The enormous amount of financial resources and creative energy that nations have spent on wars and weapons could have been redirected to curing deadly diseases, feeding the hungry, eliminating poverty, promoting art and culture, investing in renewable clean energy, and solving a host of other important challenges facing humanity.
SIZZLE: If we take a small step in extolling peacemakers as much as honoring war heroes, we will be making a giant leap towards peace. SIZZLE: The two-way street of Total Information Awareness is the road that leads to a more transparent and complete picture of ourselves, our governments, and our world.
SIZZLE: While information is the oxygen of the modern age, disinformation is the carbon monoxide that can poison generations.
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