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A Cognitive-Functional Approach to Nominalization in English
Popular Features. New Releases. Description The book presents a systematic theoretical account of the fundamental constructional mechanisms that underlie deverbal nominalization in general, and it makes an original descriptive contribution by discussing a number of nominalization systems in detail. The main theoretical motif is that nominalization strongly calls for a functional rather than purely structural approach. The book goes more deeply into a number of functional constructs needed to model nominalization drawn from Cognitive Grammar and Systemic-Functional Grammar and it elaborates on the internal functional organization of nominal and clausal structure [e.
It is argued that deverbal nominalizations are basically re-classifications of verbal predicates into nominal constructions. This re-classification either applies at word rank or it involves the rank shift Halliday of a clause-like unit, with its internal structure preserved e. The re-classified unit then adopts a specific nominal strategy, with some form of nominal determination and quantification e. The descriptive part of the book zooms in on nominalizations that are derived at word rank deverbal -er nominals and on nominalizations applying to 'a temporal clausal heads' e.
John's playing the piano and finite clauses. Of the gerundive and finite types of nominalization, those that function in factive contexts are focused on. In the analysis of deverbal -er nominals a case is made for a 'subject' analysis of the system and an elaborate discussion of the clausal middle construction e. Of the remaining nominalization types John's playing the piano; playing the piano; the fact that he plays the piano; that he plays the piano , especially the nominal behaviour e.
Product details Format Hardback pages Dimensions Other books in this series. Add to basket. Concept, Image, and Symbol Ronald W. Embodiment Tom Ziemke. Incipient Productivity Arne Zeschel.
Meaning in Mind and Society Peter Harder. Windows to the Mind Hans-Jorg Schmid. Sociocultural Situatedness Roslyn M. Lexical Bootstrapping Dagmar Bittner. Both chapters 5 and 6 offer a more accurate description of deverbal -er nominalization, which Heyvaert then incorporates in Chapter 7. This chapter identifies the high-level schemas that instantiate -er nominalizations.
The multifunctional approach offered here goes beyond traditional representational semantics, and also includes a constructional and textual analysis of nominalization. Heyvaert not only gives strong arguments for her subject-profiling hypothesis, but also couples -er nominalizations to Langacker's identification of nominal functions such as type specification, instantiation and grounding. Part III: Factive nominalization. The part on factive nominalization is organized in the same way as the case study on -er nominalization: Chapter 8 gives a critical overview of the literature and explains the theoretical position that is taken in this book.
Heyvaert continues with a functional analysis of nominalizations as nominal constructions Chapter 9. Again, the theoretical framework - especially the functional configuration of nominalizations in a functional hierarchy - allows her to shed new light on factive nominalizations. Whereas previous studies mainly focused on the external functionality of these nominalizations, Heyvaert addresses their internal functionality as well and relates this to a refined version of Langacker's analysis of action nominalizations, gerundive nominalizations and that -structures. The data presented in this part support Heyvaert's claim that factive nominalization involves a functional reclassification whereby not only the external, but also the internal nominal functions are reclassified.
The last chapter concludes and points forward to further research. As the author acknowledges herself p. It would definitely be worthwhile to continue this line of work and also to investigate how well the framework translates itself to the study of nominalization in other languages. As already mentioned in the introduction, this book is an eye-opener in many aspects. Heyvaert shows how the combination of cognitive and functional approaches makes it possible to move beyond existing analyses and reach a deeper understanding of nominalization. It provides cognitive linguists with a clear idea of the complexity of language usage, and at the same time shows functionalists the importance of the cognitive apparatus and how it may constrain the linguistic system.
Personal/Participant/Inhabitant in Morphology - Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics
The main merit of this book, however, does not lie in providing a theoretical framework, but in its two case studies. Here, Heyvaert addresses the missing parts of previous descriptions and moves well beyond that. Moreover, using agnation as a heuristic and theoretical tool, she provides a dialogue between theory and evidence, rather than fitting the data into the framework.
This does not mean that the last word has been said about nominalization in English, though. As the author points out herself, the model is likely to change when the framework is applied to other types of nominalization see also Heyvaert for a recent study. But also the analyses in this study sometimes suffer from overgeneralizations. In the case of deverbal -er nominalization, for instance, a distinction is made between two very broad categories of 'agentive' and 'non-agentive' nominalizations.
As Heyvaert points out herself, these are very broad categories and contain all sorts of subcategories.
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It seems to me, however, that her 'agentive' category is a bit overstretched, containing undergoers such as senser , experiencer , receiver , etc. Due to the vagueness of this description, Heyvaert's study fails to account for the ungrammaticality of nominalizations of existence and disappearance such as?
A deeper look into these categories, combined with perhaps more attention for the procedures of nominalization also see Nuyts for a more procedural view on language and cognition , would prove to be interesting. But apart from these remarks, one can only say that this study reaches deeper into the phenomenon of nominalization than previous attempts and that it is a clear step forward in the field. Gleason, Henry A. Linguistics and English Grammar. London: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. Halliday, Michael A.
An Introduction to Functional Grammar 2nd ed. London: Edward Arnold. A symbolic approach to deverbal -ee derivation. Cognitive Linguistics 17 3 , Langacker, Ronald W. Foundations of Cognitive Grammar. Theoretical Prerequisites.
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